What is Derivative? Definition & Meaning Crypto Wiki

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What is Derivative? Definition & Meaning Crypto Wiki

While spot trading also allows speculation — buying low and selling high — leverage is what makes derivatives attractive to traders. A cash-settled crypto-derivative option is potentially captured by s(4) and (10) for the reasons discussed above regarding indices and measures. The same analysis would apply to a physically-settled crypto-derivative option, albeit it would only be potentially captured by s(4) since s(10) is restricted to cash-settled instruments. What is less clear is whether cryptocurrencies can somehow be (financial) indices or (financial) measures (as mentioned in s(4) and (10)).

crypto derivatives meaning

More options are available via OTC desks like GSR or via decentralized protocols that rely on OTC desks as their counterparty. An increase in liquidity is an indicator of the large presence of traders in the market. Investors have no leverage to choose whether to buy or sell in options trading but they can “call” and “put” options. The trader will have the chance to make a profit if his intuition and decision were right but losses will be unavoidable if he makes the wrong decision.


Alternatively, assume an investor doesn’t own the stock currently worth $50 per share. This investor could buy a call option that gives them the right to buy the stock for $50 before or at expiration. Assume this call option cost $200 and the stock rose to $60 before expiration.

  • To start trading, a user would transfer assets from their Spot Wallet to Wallet [Pro] and accept the derivatives trading terms and conditions.
  • They are also leveraged instruments because the amount paid to hold the option is small relative to the total contract value.
  • Crypto futures are a type of derivative contract that allows two parties to agree on the price of a cryptocurrency at a fixed date in the future.
  • As such, the trader makes a profit or loss depending on whether the asset price goes up or down.
  • Crypto derivatives facilitate market liquidity, impacting the ease with which traders can open or close positions.

Swaps related to the cash flows and potential defaults of mortgage bonds are an extremely popular kind of derivative. It was the counterparty risk of swaps like this that eventually spiraled into the credit crisis of 2008. Swaps are another common type of derivative, often used to exchange one kind of cash flow with another. For example, a trader might use an interest rate swap to switch from a variable interest rate loan to a fixed interest rate loan, or vice versa. In fact, time and volatility are very closely connected concepts in the pricing of options.

DYOR Before Trading Crypto Derivatives

For example, an oil rig operator may want to hedge its revenue by locking in a price at which it sells barrels of oil in the future. Conversely, an airline operator may want to hedge its input costs by locking in the future price it pays for oil. Trading a derivative is quite straightforward and works by placing a long or short trade according to where the trader thinks the price of the crypto in question will go next. If the trader makes the right decision, he stands to make a profit, but a wrong decision will result in losses.

crypto derivatives meaning

Futures and options are two common types of derivatives, and perpetual futures are a special type of futures contract unique to crypto markets. While the crypto options market continues to develop with many new exchanges and DeFi protocols entering the space, https://www.xcritical.com/ overall adoption of crypto options has been muted relative to perps. Centralized options exchanges typically trade around $30 billion in volume per month, closely rivaling the volume of decentralized perps but amounting to just 1-2% of all futures volume.


On the other hand, derivatives allow you to trade contracts that follow the price of an underlying crypto asset, say Bitcoin, without owning it. The market allows you to profit regardless of whether the price increases or decreases. Derivatives trading markets are in very high demand and are therefore highly liquid.

As the crypto market becomes more popular, many people are looking for ways to exploit its high price volatility to get more profit since they can earn no matter the market direction if they are in the right position. Thus, derivatives serve as a speculative market to mitigate risk, especially during high price fluctuations. If the market is bearish, then going for a futures contract is the wiser choice. However, if you are unsure, or the market is behaving erratically, you can go with a perpetual futures contract to err on the safe side, whichever way the market goes. To trade derivatives on the Crypto.com Exchange, users need to apply for the service within Wallet [Pro], and must not be in a geo-restricted jurisdiction. To start trading, a user would transfer assets from their Spot Wallet to Wallet [Pro] and accept the derivatives trading terms and conditions.

How Does the Derivatives Market Affect the Crypto Economy Overall?

The speculation involves taking a position on the future price movements of crypto to make a profit. This allows traders to take advantage of the high volatility of the crypto market, as it can help https://www.xcritical.com/blog/crypto-derivatives-exchange-definition-and-explanation/ them earn significant profits if they correctly predict the future price movements of the underlying asset. This way, traders can capitalize on market opportunities by going long or short.

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