The transaction lifecycle goes through a number of intermediaries and leaves an extensive footprint in their respective systems. Clearly, reconciliations of low risk accounts often examine the balances only, skipping detailed analysis of the transactions forming it. This is an economical approach which saves time and streamlines period end tasks for the sake of meeting the deadlines. But oftentimes when you receive a payment, the customer may have neglected to send remittance advice telling your accounting staff where to apply the payment. In these cases, you’ll need to get in touch with the customer, which could delay the reconciliation process.
As mentioned above, debit balance as per the cash book refers to the deposits held in the bank. This balance exists when the deposits made by your business at your bank are more than the withdrawals. To do this, businesses need to take into account the bank charges, NSF checks and errors in accounting. Adjust the cash balances in the business account by adding interest or deducting monthly charges and overdraft fees. Common errors include entering an incorrect amount or omitting an amount from the bank statement. Compare the cash account’s general ledger to the bank statement to spot the errors.
Such a difference needs to be adjusted in your cash book before preparing the bank reconciliation statement. In single-entry bookkeeping, every transaction is recorded just once (rather than twice, as in double-entry bookkeeping), as either income or an expense. Single-entry bookkeeping is less complicated than double-entry and may be adequate for smaller businesses. Companies with single-entry bookkeeping systems can perform a form of reconciliation by comparing invoices, receipts, and other documentation against the entries in their books. When an account is reconciled, the statement’s transactions should match the account holder’s records. For a checking account, it is important to factor in any outstanding checks or pending deposits.
If there are any differences between the accounts and the amounts, these differences need to be explained. Reconciling your bank statements allows you to identify problems before they get out of hand. The documentation review process compares the amount of each transaction with the amount shown as incoming or outgoing in the corresponding account. For example, suppose a responsible individual retains all of their credit card receipts but notices several new charges on the credit card bill that they do not recognize.
When you reconcile, you compare two related accounts make sure everything is accurate and matches. You should reconcile your bank and credit card accounts in QuickBooks frequently to make sure they match your real-life bank accounts. Accounts receivable is the amount that your customers owe you for the goods sold or services provided. You will need to give special importance to reconciling accounts receivables to ensure steady cash flow and good customer relations to name just a few reasons. You will need to check the bank and ledger balances to ensure that there are no short payments, deductions, disputes, and to stop credit facility for defaulting customers. An example of reconciliation in accounting is comparing the general ledger to sub-ledgers, such as accounts payable or accounts receivable.
This is done by taking into account all the transactions that have occurred until the date preceding the day on which the bank reconciliation statement is prepared. To reconcile your bank statement with your cash book, you need to ensure that the cash book is complete. Further, make sure that the bank’s statement for the current month has also been obtained from the bank. At times, the balance as per the cash book and passbook may differ due to an error committed by either bank or an error in the cash book of your company. The above case presents preparing a bank reconciliation statement starting with positive bank balances.
Now, while reconciling your books of accounts with the bank statements at the end of the accounting period, you might observe certain differences between bank statements and ledger accounts. For doing this, you must add deposits in transit, deduct outstanding checks and add/deduct bank errors. Some companies use manual methods to complete the account reconciliation process. This leaves companies unable to pinpoint if all the transactions in their statements are accurate or if they require further revision.
Cash flow may also be affected if general ledger account balances are inaccurate. Account reconciliation is the process of comparing general ledger accounts for the balance sheet with supporting documents like bank statements, sub-ledgers, historical timeline and other underlying transaction details. If the ending balances don’t match, accountants investigate the cause of the discrepancies and make adjusting entries required to resolve differences from errors or missing transactions.
Another way of performing a reconciliation is via the account conversion method. Here, records such as receipts or canceled checks are simply compared with the entries in the general ledger, in a manner similar to personal accounting reconciliations. We discussed reconciliation in accounting and some of the best practices you should follow to ensure a successful reconciliation. This article will help you improve your reconciliation skills and ensure that your balance sheet accounts are correctly managed. As a business, it is important to ensure that your records are accurate and consistent.